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Wasan karagar mulki shafuka nawa

Idan kun kasance mai shaawar jerin Wasan Kwallon Kafa, to tabbas kuna mamakin shafuka nawa ne a cikin littattafan da kuma jigo na nawa ne. Anan ga ...

Idan kun kasance mai sha'awar jerin Wasan Kwallon Kafa, to tabbas kuna mamakin shafuka nawa ne a cikin littattafan da kuma jigo na nawa ne. Anan ga fassarorin shirin da abinda ke cikinsa

Waƙar Waƙar Ice da Wuta jerin littattafai bakwai ne, tare da jimillar George R. Martin ya shirya littattafai tara. An buga littafi na farko, A Game of Thrones a cikin 1996 kuma littafi na bakwai kuma na ƙarshe, The Winds of Winter, an buga shi a cikin 2016

A halin yanzu akwai yanayi shida na jerin talabijin dangane da littattafan, tare da lokacin na bakwai a halin yanzu ana samarwa kuma an saita shi a cikin 2019. Karo na farko ya fito a watan Afrilu 2011 kuma kakar wasan karshe ta fito a watan Mayu 2019

A halin yanzu ana kiyasin sassa 73 a cikin jerin shirye-shiryen talabijin, wanda aka saita na farko da na ƙarshe na tsawon mintuna 90.

Waƙar Kankara da Wuta jerin almara ce ta litattafai masu ban sha'awa waɗanda George R. R. Martin. R. Martin. Ya fara rubuta littafi na farko a cikin jerin, A Game of Thrones, a cikin 1991, kuma an buga shi a cikin 1996. Martin, wanda da farko ya yi niyya jerin su zama na uku, ya buga biyar daga cikin kundila bakwai da aka tsara. Rawa tare da dodanni, ƙarar ta biyar kuma ta kwanan nan a cikin jerin, an sake shi a cikin 2011, shekaru shida bayan littafin da ya gabata, Idi don Crows. The Winds of Winter, littafinsa na shida, a halin yanzu yana kan ayyukan. Mafarkin bazara, labari na bakwai, yana cikin ayyukan

An saita Waƙar Kankara da Wuta a kan nahiyoyin ƙage na Westeros da Essos. Kowane babi a cikin labarin an ba da shi ne ta mahangar hali daban, wanda ya ƙaru daga tara a littafin farko zuwa na 31 zuwa na biyar. Manyan labarai guda uku suna saƙa. Yaki mai daurewa tsakanin iyalai da dama don iko da Westeros, tasowar wasu nafila a arewa maso yammacin Westeros, da kuma burin 'yar sarkin da aka yi gudun hijira ta hau kan karagar Karfe.

Martin ya sami wahayi ta Wars of the Roses da jerin littattafan tarihi na Faransa Maurice Druon The La'ananne Sarakuna. Mai karatu yana fuskantar mabanbantan ra'ayoyi iri-iri da ra'ayi na zahiri, kuma nasara ko tsirar haruffan ra'ayi ba a taɓa samun tabbacin ba. Duniyar Waƙar Kankara da Wuta na ɗabi'a akai-akai tana haifar da tambayoyi game da aminci, girman kai, jima'i na ɗan adam, taƙawa, da ɗabi'a na

Littattafan sun sayar da kwafi 90. Mujalladi na huɗu da na biyar da aka yi muhawara a saman jerin mafi kyawun masu siyarwa na New York Times. Daga cikin ayyukan da aka samo asali da yawa akwai, daidaitawar littafin ban dariya, da adadin kati, allo, da wasannin bidiyo.

Ƙididdigar makirci[gyara gyara]

An saita Waƙar Kankara da Wuta a cikin duniyar tatsuniya inda yanayi ke ɗaukar shekaru kuma ya ƙare ba zato ba tsammani. Kusan ƙarni uku kafin abubuwan da suka faru na littafi na farko, daular Targaryen ta haɗu da masarautun Bakwai na Westeros, suna kafa fifikon soja ta hanyar sarrafa dodanni. Targaryens sun yi mulki na tsawon shekaru ɗari uku, bayan da dodanni suka mutu. An kawo karshen daularsu ta hanyar tawaye karkashin jagorancin Lord Robert Baratheon, inda aka kashe Aerys "The Mad King" Targaryen kuma Robert ya zama Sarkin Sarautu Bakwai. Wasan karagai ya fara shekaru 15 bayan tawayen Robert, tare da lokacin rani na shekaru tara yana zuwa ƙarshe.

Babban makircin ya biyo bayan gwagwarmayar iko don Al'arshin ƙarfe a tsakanin manyan gidaje na Westeros bayan mutuwar King Robert a Wasan karagai. Ta hanyar makircin mahaifiyarsa, Sarauniya Cersei Lannister, magajin Robert, Joffrey mai shekaru 13, nan da nan aka nada shi sarki. Lokacin da babban abokin Robert kuma babban mai ba da shawara, Lord Eddard "Ned" Stark, ya gano cewa Joffrey da 'yan uwansa sune sakamakon lalata tsakanin Cersei da tagwayenta Ser Jaime Lannister, Eddard yayi ƙoƙari ya kori Joffrey amma an ci amana shi kuma aka kashe shi saboda cin amana. Dangane da martani, ’yan’uwan Robert Stannis da Renly kowannensu ya yi iƙirarin kursiyin a nasa dama. A cikin wannan lokacin tashin hankali, biyu daga cikin masarautu bakwai na Westeros sun yi ƙoƙari su rabu da Ƙarfe. Robb, babban ɗan Eddard, an yi shelar Sarkin Arewa, yayin da Lord Balon Greyjoy ke fatan kwato ikon yankinsa, tsibirin Iron Islands. A tsakiyar littafi na biyu, A Clash of Kings, abin da ake kira "Yaƙin Sarakuna Biyar" ya yi nisa sosai.

Kashi na biyu na labarin ya faru ne a arewa mai nisa na Westeros, inda wani katangar kankara mai shekaru 8,000 da aka sani da sunan "Bakwai" yana kare masarautun Bakwai daga halittu masu ban mamaki da aka sani da Sauran. Ƙungiyar 'Yan'uwantaka ta Dare, masu kula da bango, kuma suna kare daular daga hare-haren "daji" ko "Free Folk," wanda yawancin kabilun mutane ne da ke zaune a arewacin bangon. An ba da labarin Watch Watch da farko ta idanun Jon Snow, ɗan bastard na Lord Eddard Stark. Jon ya bi sawun kawunsa Benjen Stark kuma ya shiga Watch tun yana ƙarami, yana girma cikin sauri. A ƙarshe ya tashi zuwa matsayin Ubangiji kwamandan Watch din dare. Labarin Kallon Dare ya ƙara shiga cikin yaƙin Sarakuna Biyar a juzu'i na uku, Guguwar Takobi.

Makirci na uku ya shafi Daenerys Targaryen, 'yar Aerys II, sarkin Targaryen na ƙarshe. Daenerys ya auri Daenerys da ɗan'uwanta Viserys Targaryen ga wani ƙaƙƙarfan sarkin yaƙi a nahiyar Essos, gabas da Westeros a haye Tekun Maɗaukaki, amma a hankali ya zama shugaba mai zaman kansa kuma mai hankali a kanta. Hawanta kan karagar mulki ta samu ne sakamakon haihuwar dodanni uku a tarihi da aka ba ta a matsayin kayan aure. Dodanni uku da sauri sun zama alama ba kawai alamar jininta ba kuma suna da'awar kursiyin, har ma da muggan makamai na yaƙi waɗanda ke taimakawa wajen cin nasararta na Slaver's Bay. Makircin ya biyo bayan rikicin da ta dauki tsawon shekara guda ana yi da jahohin yankin, inda ta ke neman hada karfi da karfe, da dakile cinikin bayi na Essosi, da kuma nuna goyon baya ga shirinta na kwato Westeros.

Buga tarihin[gyara gyara]

Bayani[gyara]

Littattafan da ke cikin jerin waƙoƙin A Song of Ice and Fire an fara buga su a cikin bango mai wuya sannan kuma a sake buga su cikin takarda. Harper Voyager yana buga bugu na musamman a cikin Burtaniya. An kuma fassara jerin shirye-shiryen zuwa fiye da harsuna 30. Duk jimlar shafuka da aka jera a ƙasa don bugu na farko ne da aka buga a Amurka

Littattafai uku na farko (1991-2000)[gyara gyara]

George R. R. Kafin ya rubuta jerin littafinsa na Waƙar Ice da Wuta, Martin ya riga ya kasance mai nasara fantasy kuma marubucin sci-fi kuma marubucin TV. An buga gajeren labari na farko na Martin a cikin 1971, kuma an buga littafinsa na farko a 1977. Ya ci lambar yabo ta Hugo guda uku, Nebula Awards biyu, da sauran kyaututtuka don gajeriyar almara nasa a tsakiyar 1990s. Kodayake littattafansa na farko sun sami karbuwa sosai a cikin al'umman almara na fantasy, karatunsa ya kasance ƙanana, kuma Martin ya koma Hollywood a tsakiyar 1980 don yin aiki a matsayin marubuci. Ya kasance da alhakin farfado da Yankin Twilight a cikin 1986 da Beauty da Beast har zuwa 1990, amma kuma ya kirkiro nasa matukan jirgi na TV kuma ya rubuta rubutun fina-finai. Bai gamsu da cewa ba a samar da matukin jirginsa da wasan kwaikwayo na allo ba, kuma matsalolin da ke da alaƙa da talabijin kamar kasafin kuɗi da tsawon lokaci suna tilasta masa ya yanke haruffa da kuma yanke wuraren yaƙi. Wannan ya sa Martin ya koma rubuta littattafai, inda bai damu da iyakance tunaninsa ba. Na gode da aikin J. R. R. Tolkien yana da sha'awar ƙuruciya don rubuta fantasy na almara, amma ba shi da takamaiman ra'ayi

Lokacin da Martin ke tsakanin ayyukan Hollywood a lokacin rani na 1991, ya fara rubuta Avalon, sabon littafin almara na kimiyya. Bayan surori uku, ya hango wani yaro da ya ga yadda aka fille kan wani mutum kuma ya gano direwols a cikin dusar ƙanƙara, wanda ya zama babi na farko wanda ba na farko ba na A Game of Thrones. Barin Avalon a gefe, Martin ya gama wannan babi a cikin 'yan kwanaki kuma ya gamsu cewa wani bangare ne na babban labari. Martin ya fara ƙirƙirar taswirori da tarihin sassa bayan wasu surori kaɗan, yana fahimtar sabon littafinsa a matsayin labari mai ban sha'awa. Duk da haka, an dakatar da rubutun Martin na wannan littafi na ƴan shekaru lokacin da ya koma Hollywood don shirya jerin shirye-shiryensa na TV Doorways, wanda ABC ya ba da umarnin amma bai taba nunawa ba.

"Filin farko. Babi na ɗaya na littafin farko, inda suka gano ƴan ƴaƴan direwolf. Kawai ya faru da ni ba tare da ko'ina ba. Na kasance. Ina aiki a kan wani novel daban lokacin da na lura da wannan yanayin. Ba a cikin novel ɗin da nake aiki da shi ba, amma ya zo gare ni sosai har sai da na zauna na rubuta shi, kuma a lokacin da na yi, ya kai ga babi na biyu, wato surar Catelyn. . "

- George R. R. Martin a cikin 2014

Martin ya bai wa wakilinsa, Kirby McCauley, shafuka 200 na farko da kuma hasashe mai shafi biyu a cikin 1994 a matsayin wani ɓangare na shirin trilogy wanda ya haɗa da litattafan A Rawa tare da Dragons da Iskar hunturu. Martin ya ji cewa jerin suna buƙatar zama littattafai huɗu kuma a ƙarshe tsayin su shida, waɗanda ya ɗauka a matsayin haɗin gwiwa guda biyu na dogon labari ɗaya lokacin da bai kai ƙarshen littafin ba a shafuka 1400 na rubutun hannu. Martin ya kira jerin jerin gabaɗayan A Song of Ice and Fire. Martin ya ga wata ma'ana mai yuwuwa ga "Ice da Wuta" a matsayin gwagwarmayar sanyi Wasu da kuma dodanni masu zafi, yayin da kalmar "waƙa" ta riga ta bayyana a cikin littafin Martin mai suna A Song for Lya da Songs the Dead Men Sing, wanda ya samo asali daga nasa. . Martin ya kuma ambaci waƙar Robert Frost na 1920 "Wuta da Ice" a matsayin mai yuwuwar tasiri ga taken jerin, da kuma ƙungiyoyin al'adu irin su sha'awa da cin amana.

Rubutun da aka kammala na A Game of Thrones yana da tsawon shafuka 1088 (ban da abubuwan da aka haɗa), kuma an buga shi a cikin Agusta 1996. Marubucin The Wheel of Time, Robert Jordan, ya rubuta taƙaitaccen goyon baya ga murfin, wanda ya kasance mahimmanci wajen tabbatar da nasarar littafin kuma don haka jerin' nasarar farko tare da masu karatu masu ban sha'awa. Blood of the Dragon, pre-fitting sample novella based on Daenerys 'ss, ya lashe Hugo Award for Best Novella a 1997. A cikin 1996, an sayar da littafin farko a matsayin wani ɓangare na "Song of Ice and Fire trilogy," amma ta hanyar sakin littafi na biyu, an watsar da suffix na "trilogy" kuma an sake sanya jerin sunayen A Song of Ice and Fire.

Shafuna 300 na farko na littafi na biyu, A Clash of Kings, an ɗauko su daga littafin A Game of Thrones. An buga shi a cikin Amurka a watan Fabrairun 1999, tare da tsawon rubutun hannu (ba tare da ƙarin bayani ba) na shafuka 1184. Karo na Sarakuna shine littafi na farko a cikin jerin waƙoƙin Ice da Wuta don zama mafi kyawun siyarwa, wanda yakai lamba 13 akan jerin Mafi kyawun Masu siyarwa na New York Times a 1999. Martin ya sami tambayoyinsa na farko game da haƙƙin shirin A Song of Ice and Fire sakamakon nasarar fina-finan The Lord of the Rings daga furodusa da masu shirya fina-finai daban-daban.

Martin ya makara watanni da yawa wajen ƙaddamar da littafinsa na uku, A Storm of Swords. Babinsa na baya-bayan nan shine game da "Red Wedding," wani muhimmin wurin da ya shahara saboda tashin hankalinsa (duba). Rubutun A Storm of Swords shafuka 1521 ne (ba tare da abubuwan da aka haɗa ba), wanda ya haifar da matsala ga yawancin masu buga Martin a duniya. A Amurka, Bantam Books ya buga A Storm of Swords a cikin juzu'i ɗaya a watan Nuwamba 2000, yayin da aka raba wasu bugu na yare zuwa littattafai biyu, uku, ko ma huɗu. Jerin mafi kyawun masu siyarwa na New York Times ya zaɓi A Storm of Swords a lamba goma sha biyu

Da farko Martin ya yi niyyar rubuta ƙarin littattafai guda uku bayan A Game of Thrones, Clash of Kings, da A Storm of Swords. Littafin na huɗu, mai suna A Dance tare da Dragons, ya kamata ya kasance kan komawar Daenerys Targaryen zuwa Westeros da rikice-rikicen da suka biyo baya. Martin ya so ya saita wannan labarin shekaru biyar bayan Guguwar Takobi don ba da damar ƙananan haruffa su girma kuma dodanni su yi girma cikin girma. Martin ya tashi don rubuta littafin labari kusa da A Clash of Kings bayan ya yarda da masu wallafa shi da wuri cewa ya kamata ya gajarta fiye da A Storm of Swords. An bukaci dogon jawabi don tabbatar da abin da ya faru a lokacin, wanda ya fara a matsayin wani babi na Aeron Damphair a kan tsibirin Iron a Kingsmoot. Saboda abubuwan da suka faru a Tsibirin Iron suna da mahimmanci don ba da garantin sabon hali na POV, a ƙarshe Martin ya gabatar da sabbin ra'ayoyi guda uku

Har yanzu Martin yana da bege a cikin 2001 cewa za a fitar da kashi na huɗu a cikin kwata na huɗu na 2002. Duk da haka, a lokacin aikin rubuce-rubuce, rata na shekaru biyar bai yi aiki ga duk haruffa ba. A gefe guda, Martin bai gamsu da kawai rufe abubuwan da suka faru na rata ta hanyar walƙiya da sake dubawa na ciki ba. A gefe guda kuma, da alama ba abin da zai faru har tsawon shekaru biyar. Martin ya fahimci cewa yana buƙatar ƙarin littafin wucin gadi, Idi don Crows, bayan ya yi aiki a kan littafin na kusan shekara guda. Labarin zai fara nan da nan bayan littafi na uku, kuma Martin ya watsar da ra'ayin tazarar shekaru biyar. Abubuwan da aka rubuta daga gabatarwa mai shafuka 250 an gauraye su azaman sabbin haruffan ra'ayi na Dorne da Iron Islands. Makircin Martin ya kasance mai sarƙaƙƙiya ta waɗannan faɗaɗɗen labarun labarai da sakamakon hulɗar labarin

Tsawon rubutun bukin biki ya wuce A Storm of Swords'. Martin ya yi jinkirin yin yanke zurfin da ya dace don kawo littafin zuwa tsayin da za a iya bugawa saboda zai lalata labarin da yake da shi a zuciya. Ya kuma yi watsi da ra'ayin buga littafin a cikin "microtype a kan takardar fatar albasa da baiwa kowane mai karatu gilashin ƙara girma. ". A daya bangaren kuma, Martin, ya ki amincewa da shawarar da masu bugawa suka yi na raba labarin zuwa Idi na Crows, Sashe na daya da na Biyu. Martin ya riga ya fara rubuta dukkan labarun haruffan, kuma ya ƙi ya ƙare littafin farko ba tare da wani ƙuduri ba don yawancin ra'ayoyinsa, kamar a cikin littattafan da suka gabata.

Tare da haruffan da suka warwatse a duniya, wani abokinsa ya ba da shawarar cewa Martin ya raba labarin a geographically zuwa juzu'i biyu, wanda na farko zai zama Idi na Crows. Wannan hanya za ta ba Martin damar kammala tarihin da ya fara a baya, wanda har yanzu ya yi imanin ita ce hanya mafi kyau bayan shekaru. Martin ya canza labarun halayen da ba a gama ba daga gabas (Essos) da arewa (Winterfell da bango) zuwa littafi na gaba, A Rawa tare da Dragons, ya bar Biki don Crows don rufe abubuwan da suka faru a Landing King, Riverlands, Dorne, da Dorne. . Duk littattafan biyu suna farawa nan da nan bayan ƙarshen A Storm of Swords, suna gudana a layi daya maimakon jere, kuma suna nuna nau'ikan haruffa daban-daban tare da ɗan zoba. Martin ya raba surori na Arya tsakanin littattafan biyu bayan ya motsa sauran fitattun haruffa guda uku (Jon Snow, Tyrion, da Daenerys) zuwa Rawa tare da Dragons.

Biki don Crows da aka yi muhawara a saman jerin mafi kyawun masu siyar da New York Times a watan Oktoba 2005 a Burtaniya da Nuwamba 2005 a Amurka. Daga cikin wadanda suka yaba wa Martin har da Time's Lev Grossman, wanda ya yi masa lakabi da "Tolkien na Amurka. ". Duk da haka, duka magoya baya da masu sukar sun ji takaici saboda rabuwar labarin, wanda ya bar makomar wasu shahararrun haruffa da yawa ba a warware su ba biyo bayan ƙarewar A Storm of Swords. Tare da Rawar Rawa tare da Dodanni da aka yi jita-jita cewa za a kammala rabin-ƙara, Martin ya bayyana a cikin jigo na A Feast for Crow cewa za a fitar da girma na gaba a shekara mai zuwa. Koyaya, kwanakin da aka tsara an sake turawa baya. A halin yanzu, HBO ta sami haƙƙin daidaita waƙar Ice da Wuta a cikin jerin wasan kwaikwayo masu ban sha'awa a cikin 2007, kuma farkon cikin sassa goma da aka keɓe ga Wasan Al'arshi da aka watsa a cikin Afrilu 2011

Rawa tare da Dodanni, mai kusan shafuka 1600 a tsawon rubutun, an buga shi a watan Yulin 2011 bayan shekaru shida na rubuce-rubuce, ya fi tsayi a ƙidaya shafi da lokacin rubuta fiye da kowane litattafai huɗu da suka gabata. Kusan kashi biyu cikin uku na hanya ta hanyar littafin, labarin A Rawa tare da dodanni ya kama kuma ya wuce labarin Biki don Crows, amma har yanzu yana rufe ƙasa da labarin fiye da yadda Martin ya yi niyya, yana barin aƙalla babban yaƙin da aka shirya. . Martin ya zargi jinkirin a kan ƙoƙarinsa na kwance "ƙulli na Meereenese," wanda mai tambayoyin ya fassara da "samar da tarihin tarihi da haruffa yayin da zaren daban-daban suka haɗu akan [Daenerys]. ". Martin ya kuma yarda cewa ya kashe lokaci mai yawa wajen sake rubutawa da kuma kammala labarin, amma ya musanta ra'ayoyin wasu daga cikin masu zaginsa cewa ya rasa sha'awar shirin ko kuma zai jira ya sami ƙarin kuɗi.

Littattafan da aka tsara da kuma gaba (2011-present)[gyara gyara]

Martin ya yi imanin jerin' mujalladi biyu na ƙarshe za su kasance manyan littattafai masu shafuka 1500 na rubuce-rubuce kowanne. Littafin na shida za a yi masa suna The Wind of Winter, bayan littafi na ƙarshe a cikin farkon shirin trilogy. A ƙarshe Martin ya ba da sanarwar Mafarkin bazara a matsayin taken littafin na bakwai a cikin 2006, bayan rashin gamsuwa da taken wucin gadi A Time for Wolves don ƙarar ƙarshe. Martin ya bayyana a cikin Maris 2012 cewa litattafai biyu na ƙarshe za su kai masu karatu zuwa arewa fiye da kowane littattafan da suka gabata, kuma sauran za su bayyana a cikin litattafai biyu na ƙarshe. Martin ya bayyana cewa ba zai ƙyale wani marubuci ya kammala jerin littattafan ba

Iskar Winter[gyara sashe]

The Wind of Winter zai warware cliffhangers daga A Dance tare da dodanni da wuri kuma "zai buɗe tare da manyan yaƙe-yaƙe guda biyu waɗanda [littafi na biyar] ya gina har zuwa, yaƙin cikin kankara da yaƙin [littafi na shida] yana ginawa. . ] na Slaver's Bay. Sa'an nan kuma ci gaba daga can. "A tsakiyar 2010, Martin ya kammala babi biyar na The Winds of Winter daga ra'ayoyin Sansa Stark, Arya Stark, Arianne Martell, da Aeron Greyjoy, jimlar kusan shafuka 100 da aka kammala. ". Martin ya sanar a cikin Janairu 2012 cewa zai koma rubuce-rubuce bayan buga A Dance tare da Dragons a 2011. A halin yanzu, ya tafi yawon shakatawa na littattafai, ya halarci taron gunduma, kuma ya yi aiki a littafinsa na The World of Ice novel. Martin ya wallafa wani babi daga The Winds of Winter daga ra'ayin Theon Greyjoy a watan Disamba 2011; . Tun daga watan Oktoba, an kammala shafuka 400 na littafi na shida. Martin ya yi nuni ga sautin wannan littafin a yayin bikin baje kolin litattafai na kasa da kasa na Guadalajara a Mexico a farkon Disamba 2016. “A yanzu haka, akwai surori masu duhu da yawa. ". A cikin shekaru 20 da suka gabata, na yi muku gargaɗi cewa damuna tana kan hanya. Lokacin hunturu lokaci ne da abubuwa ke mutuwa, kuma duniya tana cike da sanyi, ƙanƙara, da duhu, don haka wannan ba zai zama jin daɗin jin daɗin da mutane za su yi bege ba. Wasu daga cikin haruffan suna cikin yanayi masu duhu sosai. "Martin ba shi da niyyar sake raba haruffan a yanayin ƙasa. "

Martin ya ba da shekaru uku a matsayin kiyasin gaskiya don kammala littafi na shida a cikin kyakkyawan taki a cikin 2011, amma ya kara da cewa "za a yi littafin idan an gama shi," yana mai cewa alkalumman da ya wallafa a baya sun kasance masu kyakkyawan fata. Akwai alamu a cikin 2015 cewa za a buga littafin kafin kakar wasa ta shida na nunin HBO, amma Martin ya tabbatar a farkon Janairu 2016 cewa bai cika ƙarshen ƙarshen shekara da mawallafinsa ba don fitar da littafin kafin na shida. . Ya kuma bayyana cewa a watan Mayun 2015, ya dauki wa’adin watan Oktoba na 2015 zai iya yiwuwa, kuma a watan Satumban 2015, har yanzu yana ganin cewa karshen shekara zai iya yiwuwa. Ya kuma tabbatar da cewa za a iya bayyana wasu daga cikin makircin littafin a kakar wasa mai zuwa na Wasan Karya. Martin ya sanar a cikin Fabrairu 2016 cewa, in ban da Wild Cards, ba zai rubuta wani teleplays, screenplays, gajerun labaru, gabatarwa, ko prewords har sai an kammala iskar Winter. Martin ya bayyana a cikin Maris 2020 cewa yana rubuta The Winds of Winter a kowace rana, kuma yana fatan ya gama ta a watan Yuni 2021. Martin ya bayyana a cikin Oktoba 2022 cewa ya kammala kusan kashi uku na littafin

Mafarkin bazara[gyara gyara]

Martin ya himmatu ne kawai don kammala jerin tare da labari na bakwai "har sai na yanke shawarar ba zan yi ba. ". Ba zai karkata labarin ya shiga cikin mujalladi masu yawa ba, kamar yadda ya bayyana a manufarsa na ba da labarin tun daga farko har karshe. Ya san ƙarshen da makomar manyan jarumai a cikin bugun jini mai faɗi, kuma zai ƙare jerin abubuwan da abubuwa masu ɗaci wanda ba kowa bane zai rayu cikin farin ciki har abada. Martin yana fatan rubuta ƙarewa mai kama da Ubangijin Zobba, wanda ya yi imanin ya ƙara gamsarwa da zurfi cikin labarin. A daya bangaren kuma, Martin, ya jaddada wahalar da ke tattare da kaucewa yanayi mai kama da na karshe na shirin talabijin na Lost, wanda ya bata wa wasu masoya rai rai ta hanyar kaucewa ra'ayi da sha'awarsu. Martin ya bayyana damuwarsa game da Mafarkin bazara da ba a kammala ba a lokacin da wasan kwaikwayo na TV Game of Thrones ya kama cikin labarinsa ga litattafai a cikin 2012. Martin ya bayyana a cikin 2015 cewa ba ya rubuta Mafarki na bazara tare da The Wind of Winter, kuma a farkon 2016, ya bayyana cewa bai yi imani da za a buga Mafarkin bazara ba kafin lokacin wasan karshe na HBO. Martin ya bayyana a cikin Afrilu 2018 cewa bai fara aiki a kan littafin ba, kuma a watan Nuwamba ya bayyana cewa bayan iskar hunturu, zai yanke shawarar abin da zai yi na gaba. Mafarkin bazara ko juzu'i na biyu na Wuta. A watan Mayun 2019, ya bayyana cewa bai fara rubuta Mafarkin bazara ba kuma ba zai yi haka ba har sai ya kammala The Winds of Winter.

Martin ya bayyana a yayin taron tambaya da amsa a bikin baje kolin litattafai na kasa da kasa na shekarar 2016 na Guadalajara, “Ba zan gaya muku yadda zan kawo karshen littafina ba, amma ina zargin cewa dandanon gaba daya zai kasance mai daci kamar shi. . ". "

Sauran rubuce-rubucen[gyara gyara]

Martin ya bayyana cewa ba zai sake rubuta wani abu akan sikelin A Song of Ice and Fire ba kuma kawai zai dawo cikin wannan duniyar ta almara a cikin mahallin litattafai na tsaye. Maimakon ci gaba da jerin abubuwan, ya fi son rubuta labaru game da haruffa daga sauran zamanin Waƙar Ice da Wuta, irin su Tales of Dunk and Egg project. Martin ya bayyana cewa zai so ya koma rubuta gajerun labarai, novellas, novelettes, da kuma litattafai na musamman a cikin nau'ikan da suka kama daga almara na kimiyya zuwa ban tsoro zuwa fantasy zuwa asirin kisan kai.

Wahayi da rubutu[gyara sashe]

"[Jerin Ice da Wuta na Martin] ya kasance mai juyi (aƙalla a gare ni) ta hanyoyi daban-daban. ". Fiye da duka, littattafan sun kasance marasa tsinkaya sosai, musamman a cikin nau'in da masu karatu suka saba da abin da ake iya faɗi. [. ] Lokacin da na fara karanta Wasan karagai, ya gigice ni kuma ya canza tunanina game da abin da za a iya yi da fantasy na almara. "

-Joe Abercrombie, marubucin fantasy, a cikin 2008

George R. R. Martin ya yi imanin cewa mafi yawan tasirin tasirin su ne waɗanda aka fuskanta yayin yaro. Bayan karatun H. P. Lovecraft, Robert E. Howard, Robert A. Martin ya girma yana karanta Heinlein, Eric Frank Russell, Andre Norton, Isaac Asimov, Fritz Leiber, da Mervyn Peake, kuma bai taɓa rarraba ayyukansu a matsayin almarar kimiyya, fantasy, ko tsoro ba. A sakamakon haka, zai rubuta a kowane nau'i. Martin ya rarraba Waƙar Ice da Wuta a matsayin "fantasy mai ban mamaki," yana ambaton Tad Williams' babban fantasy almara ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, baƙin ciki, da ƙaya a matsayin babban tasiri akan ƙirƙirar jerin. Jack Vance yana ɗaya daga cikin marubutan da ya fi so, kodayake Martin yana tunanin jerin ba Vancean ba ne

Martin ya zauna a Dubuque na 'yan shekaru a cikin 1970s kuma ya yi imanin cewa lokacin sanyi ya rinjayi rubutunsa. "Ina tsammanin yawancin abubuwan da ke cikin A Game of Thrones, dusar ƙanƙara da ƙanƙara da daskarewa, sun fito ne daga tunanina na Dubuque. "

Saitin tsaka-tsakin ya daɗe yana aiki azaman tushen fantasy na almara. Haruffa na asali, a gefe guda, na iya ƙara shakku da tausayawa masu karatu inda almara na tarihi ke barin ƙwararrun masu karatu sanin sakamakon tarihi. Duk da haka, Martin ya ji cewa almara na tarihi, musamman lokacin da aka saita a Tsakiyar Tsakiyar Tsakiya, yana da farin ciki, jin daɗi, da gaskiyar cewa fantasy tare da irin wannan baya baya rasa. A sakamakon haka, yana so ya haɗu da gaskiyar almara na tarihi tare da roƙon sihiri na mafi kyawun fantasy, yana guje wa sihiri don neman fadace-fadace da makircin siyasa. Har ila yau, ya yanke shawarar kauce wa yanayin da aka saba da shi da muguwar dabi'a, inda ya ambaci fada tsakanin Achilles da Hector a cikin Homer's Iliad, wanda babu wanda ya fito a matsayin jarumi ko mugu, a matsayin misali na abin da yake fatan cimmawa tare da nasa.

Ana ɗaukar Martin a matsayin wanda ya haɓaka nau'in almara na fantasy don abun ciki na manya. Amber Taylor, wacce ta rubuta wa jaridar The Atlantic, ta bayyana litattafan a matsayin "wahala mai wuyar sha'ani tare da haruffa masu rauni waɗanda masu karatu suka zama masu son zuciya. ". CNN ta gano manyan kwatancin Martin sun kasance "mafi gaskiya fiye da waɗanda aka samu a cikin ayyukan wasu marubutan fantasy" a cikin 2000, duk da kima da Martin game da nau'in fantasy ya zama mafi girman kai shekaru goma bayan haka kuma wasu ayyukan marubuta sun wuce manyan jigogi na . A cewar Adam Roberts, jerin Martin shine mafi nasara kuma sanannen misali na fitowar grimdark fantasy subgenre

Tsarin rubutu[gyara gyara]

Martin ya shirya rubuta littattafai guda uku na shafuka 800 na rubuce-rubuce a farkon matakan saboda yana so ya rubuta wani abu mai ban mamaki. Asalin kwantiragin Martin a cikin shekarun 1990s ya kayyade wa'adin shekara guda don ayyukan adabin da ya gabata, amma daga baya ya gane cewa sabbin littattafansa sun fi tsayi kuma don haka yana buƙatar ƙarin lokacin rubutawa. Martin ya yi shirin ɗaukar watanni 18 zuwa shekaru biyu na kowane juzu'i a cikin 2000, tare da na ƙarshe na littattafan shida da aka tsara don fitar da shekaru biyar ko shida bayan haka. Koyaya, tare da jerin waƙoƙin A Song of Ice and Fire girma zuwa mafi girma kuma mafi girman labarin da ya taɓa ƙoƙarin rubutawa, har yanzu yana da littattafai guda biyu da zai ƙare nan da 2022. Martin ya bayyana cewa domin ya nutsar da kansa a cikin duniyar almara kuma ya rubuta, yana buƙatar kasancewa a ofishinsa a Santa Fe, New Mexico. Har yanzu Martin yana rubuta almara akan kwamfutar DOS ta amfani da WordStar 4 a cikin 2011. 0 software. Yana farawa ranar sa da karfe 10 na safe. m. kowace rana. Ana adana kayan da aka cire da sigar da ta gabata idan an sake shigar da su a wani kwanan wata. Martin ya ɗauki Waƙar Ice da Wuta a matsayin labari ɗaya da aka buga a cikin juzu'i da yawa maimakon "jerin". "

Martin ya saita labarin Waƙar Kankara da Wuta a cikin duniya ta biyu wanda ayyukan Tolkien suka yi wahayi. Ba kamar Tolkien ba, wanda ya ƙirƙiri dukan harsuna, tatsuniyoyi, da tarihi na Duniya ta Tsakiya tun kafin ya rubuta Ubangiji na Zobba, Martin yakan fara ne da ƙayyadaddun zane na duniyar tunani, wanda daga nan ya haɓaka zuwa yanayin almara mai iya aiki a hanya. Ya bayyana rubutunsa a matsayin "kusan tsarin mafarki na yau da kullun," kuma labaransa, waɗanda ke da tatsuniyoyi maimakon tushen kimiyya, sun samo asali ne daga motsin rai maimakon hankali. Martin yana amfani da taswira da lissafin simintin gyare-gyaren da ya wuce shafuka 60 a cikin juzu'i na huɗu, amma yana riƙe mafi yawan bayanai a kansa. Labarin baya da ya yi hasashe yana iya canzawa har sai an buga shi, kuma litattafai ne kawai ake la'akari da canon. Martin ba shi da shirin buga bayanan sirrinsa bayan an kammala jerin abubuwan

Martin ya zana kwarjini da yawa don jerin daga ainihin tarihi, yana da akwatunan littattafai da yawa cike da tarihin na da don bincike da ziyartar wuraren tarihi na Turai. Ga Ba'amurke wanda ke jin Turanci kawai, tarihin Ingila ya tabbatar da cewa shine tushen tarihin da ya fi dacewa da shi, yana ba da jerin lamuni na Burtaniya maimakon ɗan Jamus ko ɗanɗano na Sipaniya. Ned da Robb Stark, alal misali, sun yi kama da Richard, Duke na 3 na York da dansa Edward IV, yayin da Sarauniya Cersei ta yi kama da Margaret na Anjou da Elizabeth Woodville. Martin ya nutsar da kansa a cikin batutuwa masu yawa na zamanin da, ciki har da tufafi, abinci, liyafa, da gasa, don samun gaskiyar a hannu idan an buƙata yayin rubutu. Yaƙin Shekaru ɗari, Crusades, Crusade na Albigensian, da Wars of the Roses duk sun yi tasiri a cikin jerin, kodayake Martin ya guje wa yin kowane daidaitawa kai tsaye. Har ila yau, litattafan tarihi na Faransa Maurice Druon, The La'ananne Sarakuna, suka rinjayi Martin, waɗanda ke game da masarautar Faransa a ƙarni na 13 da 14. Martin ya kuma bayyana cewa mahimman abubuwan da suka faru a cikin labarin sun dogara ne akan abubuwan tarihi a Scotland, irin su Abincin Baƙar fata na 1440 da Kisan Glencoe a 1692.

Har ila yau Martin ya zana wahayi daga tarihin Romawa, yana kwatanta Stannis Baratheon da Sarkin Roma Tiberius. Martin ya zana kwarjini don "Bikin Bikin Jaraba," wani maƙasudi mai mahimmanci a cikin A Storm of Swords, daga Kisan Glencoe da Black Dinner.

An tsara labarin don bin manyan alamomi tare da manufa ta ƙarshe, amma Martin yana da 'yanci don ingantawa. A wani lokaci, cikakkun bayanai da aka inganta sun yi tasiri sosai kan labarin da aka tsara. Martin ya adana bayanan sirri fiye da kowane lokaci ta littafi na huɗu don ci gaba da bin diddigin batutuwan da yawa, wanda ya zama dalla-dalla kuma ya bazu ta littafi na biyar har ya zama marar ƙarfi. Editocin Martin, masu gyara kwafi, da masu karatu suna sa ido kan kurakuran da ba da gangan ba, kodayake wasu sun sanya shi cikin bugawa. Martin, alal misali, ya yi nuni ga launukan ido na wasu haruffa ba daidai ba, kuma ya bayyana doki a matsayin na jinsi ɗaya sannan kuma wani.

Tsarin labari[gyara gyara]

Bayyana a matsayin halin POV Bayyanar a matsayin halin da ba POV ba

Littattafan sun kasu kashi-kashi, kowannensu an fada a cikin mutum na uku iyaka ta hanyar kallon yanayin hali, dabarar da Martin ya koya a matsayin matashin dalibin aikin jarida. An fara da haruffa POV guda tara a cikin Wasan karagai, adadin yana ƙaruwa zuwa 31 a cikin Rawar Rawa tare da dodanni (duba tebur). Haruffan POV na lokaci ɗaya galibi an iyakance su ne ga gabatarwa da ƙasidu. "Starks (mutane masu kyau), Targaryens (aƙalla mutum mai kyau, ko yarinya), Lannisters (maɗaukaki), Greyjoys (mafi yawan haɗuwa), Baratheons (jakar gauraye), Tyrells (ba a bayyana ba), da Martells. . A cewar Time's Lev Grossman, masu karatu "suna dandana gwagwarmayar Westeros daga kowane bangare a lokaci guda," don haka "kowane fada yana da nasara da kuma bala'i. ". (kuma kowa da kowa jarumi ne kuma mugu a lokaci guda)"

Waƙar Ice da Wuta, wanda aka tsara ta Ubangijin Zobba, yana farawa da mai da hankali sosai kan ƙaramin rukuni (tare da kowa a cikin Winterfell ban da Daenerys) sannan kuma ya rabu zuwa labarai daban-daban. Labarin za su sake haɗuwa, amma Martin ya yi ƙoƙari ya sami sauyi a cikin wannan jerin sarƙaƙƙiya, wanda ya rage rubutunsa. An ce Martin ya kai ga juyi a cikin A Rawa tare da Dragons, ko har yanzu ba a cikin littattafan ba, ya danganta da hirar. Katunan daji, jerin littattafan da Martin ya tsara tun daga 1985, ya zaburar da tsarin 'tsarin POVs da yawa da kuma labarun labarun da aka haɗa. A matsayinsa na marubucin kaɗai, Martin ya fara kowane sabon littafi tare da ƙayyadaddun babi kuma yana iya rubuta ƴan surori masu zuwa daga mahangar hali ɗaya maimakon yin aiki bisa tsarin lokaci. Daga baya, ana sake tsara surori don inganta mu'amalar halaye, kididdigar lokaci, da shakka

Martin, wanda ke da kwarewa a rubuce-rubucen talabijin da fina-finai, yana ƙoƙari ya sa masu karatu su sha'awar ta hanyar kawo ƙarshen kowane babin Waƙar Kankara da Wuta tare da tashin hankali ko lokacin bayyanawa, jujjuyawar ko wani dutse, kama da hutu na TV. Rubutun rubutun ya kuma koya masa dabarar "yanke kitse da barin tsoka," wanda shine mataki na karshe na kammala littafi, wanda kuma ya sa an rage yawan shafi na A Rawar tare da Dodanni da kusan shafuka tamanin. Martin yana ganin ya fi wuya a raba labarin A Song of Ice and Fire ci gaba zuwa littattafai. Kowane littafi ya kamata ya wakilci mataki na tafiya wanda ya ƙare tare da rufewa ga yawancin haruffa. Kodayake Rawa tare da Dodanni yana da tsaunin dutse fiye da yadda Martin ya nufa, an bar ƙaramin yanki na haruffan tare da ƙwararrun ƙwanƙwasa don tabbatar da dawowar masu karatu don kashi na gaba. Duk haruffan POV na lokaci ɗaya da na yau da kullun an rubuta su don samun cikakkiyar ɗabi'a waɗanda ke ƙare cikin bala'i ko nasara, kuma an rubuta su don kiyaye hankalin masu karatu kuma kar a tsallake su. Ana kashe manyan jarumai don kada mai karatu ya dogara ga jarumi don ceton ranar, a maimakon haka ya ji tsoron hali tare da juyawa kowane shafi.

Babban labarin da ba a warware shi ba yana haifar da hasashe game da ci gaban makircin gaba. A cewar Martin, yawancin mabuɗin don makomar A Song of Ice and Fire yana ɓoye sama da shekaru goma sha biyu a cikin almara da suka gabata, wanda kowane juzu'i ya bayyana ƙarin. Abubuwan da aka tsara tun farko ana siffanta su, amma Martin ya kula da kada ya sa labarin ya faɗi. Haruffan ra'ayi, waɗanda ke aiki a matsayin masu ba da labari marasa amana, na iya ba da bayani ko madadin ra'ayi kan abubuwan da suka faru a baya. A sakamakon haka, abin da masu karatu suka yi imani da shi na gaskiya ba zai zama haka ba

Haɓaka halayyar[gyara gyara]

Martin ya yi nufin almara Waƙar Kankara da Wuta don samun ɗimbin simintin gyare-gyare da kuma saituna daban-daban tun daga farko, tare da haruffan da ke zama tushen labarin. Idi don Crows yana da jerin haruffa masu shafuka 63, tare da yawancin dubban haruffan da aka ambata kawai a taƙaice ko bacewa na dogon lokaci. Lokacin da Martin ya ƙara sabon dangi a cikin jerin tarihin zurfafawa a koyaushe a cikin abubuwan da aka ambata, ya ƙirƙira sirri game da halaye ko makomar ’yan uwa. Tarihinsu na baya, yana iya canzawa har sai an rubuta shi a cikin labarin. Martin ya zana mafi rinjayen halayensa daga tarihi (ba tare da fassara masu tarihi kai tsaye ba) da kuma abubuwan da ya faru, amma kuma daga abokansa, abokansa, da halayen jama'a. Manufar Martin ita ce ta "sanya halayena su zama masu gaskiya da ɗan adam, masu kyau da mara kyau, masu daraja da son kai gauraye cikin yanayinsu. ". "Sadaukar da Martin ya yi don zama cikakkiyar ma'anarsa, mafi kyau ko mafi muni, yana haifar da ci gaba da ba za a iya tsayawa ba a cikin litattafansa kuma ya ƙunshi zargi mai sauƙi na ɗabi'a na Tolkien," in ji Jeff VanderMeer na Los Angeles Times (duba)

Da gangan Martin ya karya ka'idar rubutu ta rashin bada sunayen haruffa biyu waɗanda suka fara da harafi ɗaya. Sunaye, a daya bangaren, suna nuna tsarin suna a cikin tarihin iyali daban-daban na Turai, inda aka danganta takamaiman sunaye da takamaiman gidajen sarauta har ma da na sakandare an sanya sunayen iri ɗaya akai-akai. A cikin labarin Waƙar Ice da Wuta, ana kiran yara "Robert" don girmama Sarki Robert na House Baratheon, "Brandon" don girmama Brandon Maginin (na bango), kuma ana samun ma'anar "Ty" da yawa. . Martin ya bambanta mutanen da suka raba suna ta hanyar ƙara lambobi ko wurare zuwa sunayen da aka ba su, suna da tabbacin cewa masu karatu za su mai da hankali (e. g. g. Henry V na Ingila). An zaɓi sunayen dangi don dacewa da ƙungiyoyin ƙabilu (duba). Mazajen farko na Westeros suna da sunaye masu sauƙi kamar Stark da Strong, yayin da zuriyar Andal invaders a Kudu suna da cikakkun bayanai, sunayen gidaje masu kama da Lannister ko Arryn, kuma Targaryens da Valyrians daga Gabas ta Tsakiya suna da sunaye masu ban mamaki.

Don ɗaukar ra'ayoyinsu game da duniya, duk haruffa an tsara su don yin magana da muryoyinsu na ciki. Atlantic ta yi mamakin ko Martin ya yi nufin masu karatu su tausayawa haruffa a ɓangarorin biyu na rikicin Lannister-Stark tun kafin ci gaban makirci ya tilasta musu yin yanke shawara na tunani. Ya bambanta da mafi yawan almara na al'ada, haruffan A Song of Ice and Fire suna da rauni, don haka mai karatu "ba zai iya tabbatar da cewa mai kyau zai yi nasara ba, wanda ya sa waɗannan lokuta inda ya fi farin ciki," in ji The Atlantic. "Martin ya shiga cikin rudani a cikin rayuwar haruffa yayin rubuce-rubuce, wanda ke sa surori tare da mugayen abubuwan da ke da wahalar rubutawa a wasu lokuta. ". Ganin duniya ta idon jaruman ya wajaba a tausaya musu, ciki har da miyagu, wadanda ya ce yana so kamar ’ya’yansa ne. Martin ya gano cewa wasu daga cikin halayensa suna da tunanin nasu kuma ya ɗauki rubutun nasa ta hanyar da ba a zata ba. Idan labarin da aka yi niyya bai yi nasara ba, sai ya koma gare shi, amma waɗannan karkatattun za su iya zama mafi lada a gare shi.

Masu karatu sun fi mayar da martani ga Arya Stark, Tyrion Lannister, Jon Snow, da Daenerys Targaryen. A cewar Martin, su ma hudu ne daga cikin manyan jarumai ''manyan shida'' (sauran biyun su ne Sansa Stark da Bran Stark). Martin ya bayyana cewa Tyrion shine abin da ya fi so na masu launin toka, tare da dabararsa da basirar sa ya sa ya fi jin daɗin rubutawa. Martin ya kuma bayyana cewa Bran Stark shine mafi wahalar hali don ƙirƙirar. Labarin Bran, a matsayin hali mafi zurfi cikin sihiri, dole ne a kula da shi da kulawa cikin abubuwan allahntaka na littattafan. Bran kuma shine mafi ƙarancin ra'ayi na jerin, kuma dole ne ya magance batutuwan manya kamar baƙin ciki, kaɗaici, da fushi. Martin ya yi niyya don samarin haruffa su girma cikin sauri tsakanin surori, amma saboda ba shi da kyau mutum ya ɗauki watanni biyu don amsawa, littafin da aka kammala yana wakiltar ɗan lokaci kaɗan da ya wuce. Martin ya yi fatan cewa hutun na shekaru biyar da aka shirya zai taimaka wajen sauƙaƙa yanayin kuma ya kai yara kusan balaga a cikin masarautun Bakwai, amma daga baya ya bar hutun shekaru biyar (duba sashe)

Duk da haɗar dodanni da sihiri, jerin waƙoƙin A Song of Ice and Fire, idan aka kwatanta da sauran ayyukan fantasy da yawa (alamar J. Allen St. The Face in the Pool, John ya rubuta a 1905)

Ko da yake fantasy na zamani yakan rungumi baƙon abu, jerin waƙoƙin A Song of Ice and Fire ana yabonsa sosai don abin da ake ɗauka a matsayin wani nau'i na gaskiya na tsakiyar zamani. Martin ya tashi don sa labarin ya zama kamar almara na tarihi fiye da tunanin zamani, tare da ƙarancin ba da fifiko kan sihiri da sihiri da ƙari akan yaƙe-yaƙe, makircin siyasa, da haruffa, yana imani cewa ya kamata a yi amfani da sihiri a matsakaici a cikin nau'in fantasy na almara. Duk da cewa yawan sihirin ya karu a hankali a cikin labarin, har yanzu ana sa ran jerin za su ƙare da ƙarancin sihiri fiye da yawancin tunanin zamani. Martin ya yi imanin cewa ingantaccen sihirin wallafe-wallafe ya kamata ya nuna baƙon ƙarfi da haɗari fiye da fahimtar ɗan adam, maimakon ci gaba da fasahar baƙo ko sihiri. Sakamakon haka, haruffan suna fahimtar yanayin duniyarsu kawai, ba abubuwan sihiri ba, kamar yadda sauran suke yi

Domin Martin ya kafa duniyar A Song of Ice and Fire akan tushen tarihi, Damien G. Walter na Guardian ya ga daidaici mai ƙarfi tsakanin Westeros da Ingila a lokacin Yaƙin Wars. A cewar Adam Serwer na The Atlantic, A Song of Ice and Fire ya fi "labarin siyasa fiye da na jarumtaka, labari game da bil'adama yana kokawa da tunaninsa fiye da cika maɗaukakinsa," tare da gwagwarmayar ikon da ta samo asali daga . Martin ya so ya binciko sakamakon shawarar da shugabanni suka yanke a cikin litattafai tare da nuna rarrabuwar kawuna na tsarin aji na tsaka-tsaki, kamar yadda nagarta ta gabaɗaya baya sanya ƙwararrun shugabanni kai tsaye kuma akasin haka.

Martin ya ƙi yaƙi tsakanin nagarta da mugunta a matsayin jigon gama gari a cikin nau'in fantasy saboda baya nuna gaskiya. Martin ya jawo hankalin haruffa masu launin toka, amma ya yarda da William Faulkner cewa kawai zuciyar ɗan adam da ke rikici da kanta ya cancanci rubutawa. A cikin jerin waƙoƙin A Song of Ice and Fire, Martin ya shiga cikin jigogi na fansa da haɓaka ɗabi'a. Tsarin ra'ayi da yawa yana ba da damar bincika haruffa ta fuskoki daban-daban, gami da na mugaye da ake zargi

Ko da yake fantasy ya fito ne daga duniyar tunani, Martin yana ganin ainihin buƙatu na nuna ainihin duniyar da mutane, har ma da ƙaunatattun mutane, wani lokaci suna mutuwa ta hanyoyin da ba za a iya faɗi ba. Ana kashe manyan jaruman don kada mai karatu ya yi tsammanin wanda ake zaton jarumi zai rayu, sai dai ya ji tashin hankali da fargabar da jaruman ke yi. Littattafan kuma suna nuna yawan mace-mace da ke da alaƙa da yaƙi. Mutuwar ƙarin adadi, ko orcs ko makamancinsu, ba su da tasiri kaɗan ga masu karatu, yayin da mutuwar aboki yana da tasiri mai zurfi sosai. Martin ya yi imanin cewa sadaukarwar jarumi na iya bayyana wani abu mai zurfi game da yanayin ɗan adam

A cewar Martin, nau'in fantasy da wuya ya fi mayar da hankali kan jima'i da jima'i, sau da yawa ana kula da shi ta hanyar samari ko kuma gaba ɗaya yin watsi da shi. Martin, a gefe guda, ya yi imanin cewa jima'i shine muhimmiyar motsa jiki a rayuwar ɗan adam wanda bai kamata a cire shi daga labarin ba. Martin ya ba da fifikon daki-daki game da ci gaban makirci don ba da damar masu karatu su fuskanci al'amuran jima'i na litattafan, "ko yana da girma mai girma, mai ban sha'awa, jima'i mai ban sha'awa, ko yana da damuwa, karkatacciyar jima'i, jima'i mai duhu, ko jima'i mai ban sha'awa. ". "Martin ya sha'awar bambancin zamanin da, inda 'yan bindiga suka karrama matan su da kade-kade da kuma sanya fifiko a gasar wasanni yayin da sojojinsu suka yi wa mata fyade ba tare da tunani ba a lokacin yakin. ". Tunanin samartaka na tsakiyar zamanai ya zama abin koyi ga ayyukan jima'i na Daenerys yana da shekaru 13 a cikin littattafai. Littattafan kuma sun yi magana game da ayyukan daular Ptolemaic ta zurfafa zurfafawa don kiyaye layin jininsu.

Martin yana amfani da simintin gyare-gyare na mata daban-daban don nazarin matsayin mata a cikin al'ummomin uba. Halayensa na mata za su rufe nau'ikan halayen ɗan adam iri ɗaya kamar na maza, yayin da yake rubuta dukkan haruffa a matsayin ɗan adam masu buƙatu iri ɗaya, mafarkai, da tasiri iri ɗaya.

liyafar[gyara gyara]

Amsa mai mahimmanci[gyara gyara]

A cewar Kimiyyar Fiction Weekly, "kaɗan ne za su yi jayayya cewa babban nasarar Martin har zuwa yau shine ginshiƙan A Song of Ice and Fire series fantasy series," wanda ya sami "umarni mafi girma" bita fiye da ayyukansa na baya, kamar yadda Martin ya bayyana. . An kwatanta jerin a matsayin "kyakkyawan saga na fantasy" wanda "ya ɗaga Martin zuwa wani sabon matakin nasara" ta mujallar Weird Tales a 2007. Jim kadan kafin fitowar A Dance tare da Dragons a cikin 2011, Bill Sheehan na The Washington Post ya annabta cewa "babu wani aikin fantasy da ya haifar da irin wannan tsammanin tun lokacin wasan karshe na Harry Potter tare da Voldemort," kuma Ethan Sacks na Daily News ya annabta cewa jerin za su kasance. . ". Salon. com Andrew Leonard ya bayyana

Nasarar jerin ta kasance mafi ban mamaki saboda an yi muhawara ba tare da tallata kasuwa ba ko buzz a cikin fantasy/SF. George R. R. Martin ya gina tushen magoya bayansa a hanya mai wahala, ta hanyar baki, ta hanyar nutsar da halayensa a cikin zukatan masu karatunsa ta yadda mafi yawan marubutan fantasy ba za su iya yin mafarki kawai ba.

A cewar Mawallafa Weekly, "Martin bazai yi gasa da Tolkien ko Robert Jordan ba, amma yana da matsayi tare da ƙwararrun ƙwararrun masana na fantasy kamar Poul Anderson da Gordon Dickson. ". "Bayan fitowar juzu'i na huɗu a cikin 2005, Time's Lev Grossman ya laƙaba Martin a matsayin "babban ƙarfin juyin halitta a cikin fantasy" kuma ya lakafta shi "Tolkien Amurka," yana bayanin hakan, yayin da Martin ya kasance "[ba] sanannen Amurka madaidaiciya ba. . ". Kwarewar sa na mai ba da labari tana hamayya da kusan duk wani marubucin adabi da ke aiki a yau. ". A cewar Grossman, kalmar "Amurka Tolkien" "ta makale ga [Martin], kamar yadda ake nufi," kuma kafofin watsa labaru irin su The New York Times sun karbe shi ("Ya fi wannan kyau"), The . A cikin 2011, Mujallar Time ta sanya sunan Martin daya daga cikin mutane 100 mafi tasiri a duniya, kuma USA Today mai suna George R. R. Martin shine Mawallafin shekarar 2011

A cewar John Barber na The Globe and Mail, Martin ya sami damar ƙware da wuce gona da iri a lokaci guda, tare da "masu sukar suna yaba zurfin halayensa da rashin cliché a cikin littattafan da suka cika da dwarves da dodanni. ". A lokacin da aka fitar da su, Mawallafin Mako-mako sun yaba wa litattafan Waƙar Kankara da Wuta guda uku na farko, suna mai cewa A Game of Thrones yana da “haɓaka halayen kirkire-kirkire, ƙwararrun zance, da zurfafa tunani,” A Clash of Kings “ sananne ne. . ". Sun gano, duk da haka, cewa Idin Crows, a matsayin kashi na huɗu, "ya rasa rabinsa sosai. ". Iyakantattun zaɓuɓɓuka anan suna da daɗi amma ba cikawa ba. "Bita na su na A Dance tare da Dragons sun yi la'akari da zargi ga ƙarar ta huɗu, suna cewa, yayin da" sabon ƙarar yana da irin wannan ji ga Idi," "Martin ya sa shi sabo ta hanyar mai da hankali kan shahararrun haruffa [waɗanda] a bayyane ba su kasance daga baya ba. . ". "

Littattafan litattafan suna jan hankalin masu karatu tare da "rikitattun labarun labarai, haruffa masu ban sha'awa, tattaunawa mai kyau, cikakkiyar tafiya, da kuma shirye-shiryen kashe har ma da manyan halayensa," in ji Los Angeles Times, da kuma "Hasken Martin na haifar da yanayi ta hanyar kwatanci alama ce ta dindindin. . ". CNN ta lura cewa "labarin yana saƙa ta hanyoyi daban-daban a cikin ƙwararrun haɗakarwa na kallo, ba da labari, da tattaunawa mai kyau wanda ya haskaka duka halaye da makirci tare da salo mai ban sha'awa," yayin da David Orr na New York Times ya gano cewa "duk . ". Kowane gari yana da abubuwan tunawa da yawa na nasara da wahala. "Salon. "Ba zan iya daina karanta Martin ba saboda sha'awar sanin abin da ke shirin faruwa tare da rashin iyawar abin da zai faru kuma ya bar ni ba tare da taimako ba kafin sihirinsa," in ji Andrew Leonard ga com. Na girgiza kuma na gaji daga karshe. "Mai saka idanu na Kimiyyar Kirista ya ba da shawarar karanta littattafan tare da kundin sani na Song of Ice da Wuta a kusa don " kama duk layukan, alamu da cikakkun bayanai waɗanda [Martin] ya bari a cikin littattafansa. ". Za a ba ku ladan kulawa, kuma za a amsa tambayoyinku. "

Sam Jordison na Guardian da Michael Hann na daga cikin masu suka. A cikin bita na 2009, Jordison ya bayyana ra'ayinsa game da A Game of Thrones, yana taƙaita, "Yana da kyau. ". Yana da rashin sophisticated. zane mai ban dariya ne. Duk da haka, ban iya ajiye littafin ba. Rubutun Martin yana da kyau kwarai, duk da rashin hankali. Tattaunawar sa tana da sauri kuma sau da yawa abin ban dariya. Labarinsa na siffantawa yana nan da nan kuma yana da yanayi, musamman idan ya zo ga haɗar da wani duhu mai ban sha'awa [na dogon lokacin hunturu mai zuwa]. "Duk da sauye-sauyen da Martin ya yi ga taron fantasy, Hann bai yi la'akari da litattafan da suka bambanta da nau'in fantasy na gaba ɗaya ba, duk da cewa ya sake gano ra'ayinsa na ƙuruciya. "

Cewa lokacin da abubuwa gaba ɗaya ba su da kyau [a cikin duniyar gaske], abin farin ciki ne mai zurfi don nutsewa gaba ɗaya cikin wani abu mai zurfi sosai, wani abu wanda babu buƙatar fitowa na sa'o'i a lokaci guda. Kuma idan wannan nutsewar ya haɗa da dodanni, da sihiri, da fushi daga lahira, da kyarketai masu canza sheka, da sarakunan hijira, haka ya kasance.

Sukar adabin ilimi ya yi jinkirin mayar da martani ga jerin; . Silsilar ta farko ta masana ita ce George R. R. Joseph Rex Young, masanin New Zealand, ya rubuta Martin da Fantasy Form

Tsakanin watsa shirye-shiryen matukin jirgi na Game of Thrones da kuma buga A Rawa tare da Dragons, wasan kwaikwayon tallace-tallace na jerin waƙoƙin A Song of Ice da Wuta akan New York Times haɗe-haɗe da jerin fiction na e-littattafai a cikin 2011 ya kasance mai ƙarfi.

Jerin A Song of Ice and Fire' da aka ruwaito jimillar alkaluman tallace-tallace sun bambanta. The New Yorker ya ruwaito a cikin Afrilu 2011 (kafin sakin A Dance tare da Dragons) cewa fiye da 15. A cewar Reuters, littattafan sun sayar da fiye da kwafi miliyan 24 a cikin bugu, dijital, da tsarin sauti. A watan Mayun 2011, Jaridar Wall Street Journal ta ruwaito cewa an sayar da fiye da kofe miliyan shida a Arewacin Amirka. USA Today ta ruwaito 8. 5. An fassara jerin shirye-shiryen zuwa fiye da harsuna 20, tare da fassarar littafi na biyar zuwa fiye da harsuna 40, in ji USA Today. An kiyasta Martin shine marubuci na 12 a duniya mafi samun kuɗi a cikin 2011 ta Forbes, yana samun dala miliyan 15.

Mawallafin Martin sun yi tsammanin A Game of Thrones zai zama mafi kyawun siyarwa, amma kashi na farko bai yi kasa a cikin jerin masu siyarwa ba. Martin bai yi mamaki ba, saboda "wasan wawa ne don tunanin wani abu zai yi nasara ko kuma a ƙidaya shi. ". Sai dai a hankali littafin ya sami goyon bayan shagunan sayar da littattafai masu zaman kansu, kuma shahararsa ta karu ta hanyar baki. Shahararriyar jerin sun yi tashin gwauron zabo na gaba, tare da juzu'i na biyu da na uku sun bayyana akan jerin Mafi kyawun Mai siyarwa na New York Times a cikin 1999 da 2000, bi da bi. Tsofaffin rubuce-rubucen Martin sun sami sabon kulawa a sakamakon jerin shirye-shiryen, kuma mawallafin sa na Amurka Bantam Spectra ya shirya sake buga littattafansa na solo da ba a buga ba.

Kashi na huɗu, Idi don Crows, ɗan kasuwa ne nan take lokacin da aka sake shi a cikin 2005, yana yin muhawara a lamba ɗaya akan jerin manyan masu siyar da almara na “The New York Times” a ranar 27 ga Nuwamba, 2005, wanda ke nuna cewa littattafan Martin suna jan hankalin masu karatu na yau da kullun. . A cikin 2010, bugun takarda na A Game of Thrones ya kai bugu na 34th, wanda ya zarce alamar kwafi miliyan. Kafin ma ya fito, wasan kwaikwayon TV ya haɓaka tallace-tallacen littattafai, tare da A Song of Ice and Fire yana gabatowa girma mai lamba uku a kowace shekara. Bantam yana fatan cewa haɗin kai zai ƙara haɓaka tallace-tallace, kuma mawallafin Martin na Biritaniya Harper Voyager yana fatan masu karatu za su sake gano sauran littattafansu na fantasy. Tare da sanarwa 4. 5

Rawa tare da Dragons yana cikin bugu na shida lokacin da aka sake shi a watan Yulin 2011, tare da bugu sama da 650,000. Hakanan yana da mafi girman tallace-tallace guda ɗaya da ranar farko na kowane sabon taken almara da aka buga a cikin 2011 a lokacin, yana siyar da rumfuna 170,000, littattafan e-littattafai 110,000, da littattafan sauti 18,000 a ranar farko. A ranar 31 ga Yuli, 2011, Rawa tare da dodanni sun mamaye jerin mafi kyawun masu siyarwa na New York Times. Ba kamar sauran manyan lakabi ba, ƙarar ta biyar ta sayar da kwafi na zahiri fiye da kwafin dijital da wuri, amma Martin ya zama marubuci na goma da ya sayar da kwafin miliyan 1. A cikin 2011 da 2012, duka juzu'i biyar da saitin akwatin juzu'i huɗu suna cikin manyan littattafai 100 da aka fi siyarwa a Amurka.

Jerin TV ɗin ya haɓaka tallace-tallacen littattafai da abubuwan tarawa kamar su saitin akwatin, kayayyaki, da sauran abubuwa. Shirin talabijin ya kuma taimaka wajen faɗaɗa iyawar littattafan ta hanyar gabatar da su ga sababbin abokan ciniki a kasuwanni masu tasowa kamar Indiya da Brazil. Duk wannan ya haifar da karuwa mai yawa a cikin tallace-tallace na gabaɗaya. Jerin littafin ya sayar da kwafi 90 har zuwa Afrilu 2019

"Bayan haka, kamar yadda wasunku suka nuna a cikin imel ɗinku, ni ɗan shekara sittin ne kuma mai kiba ne, kuma ba ku so in 'jawo Robert Jordan' in ƙi littafinku. ". To, na samu sakon. Ba ku so in yi aiki a kan wani abu banda Waƙar Kankara da Wuta. Har abada. (To, wata kila ba laifi idan na sha ruwa akai-akai?)."

- George R. R. Martin's blog a cikin 2009

Litattafan Martin a hankali sun ba shi suna a cikin da'irar almara na kimiyya a cikin shekarun 1980s da farkon 1990s, duk da cewa ya sami wasu wasiƙun magoya baya a kowace shekara kafin intanet. Masoyan magoya bayan Martin sun girma bayan fitowar A Game of Thrones, tare da shafukan fan da suka tsiro da kuma wata al'umma mai kama da Trekkie na magoya baya da ke haɗuwa akai-akai. Westeros. org, ɗaya daga cikin shahararrun wuraren fan na Waƙar Kankara da Wuta, tare da mambobi kusan 17,000 masu rijista kamar na 2011, Elio M, ɗan ƙasar Sweden na zuriyar Cuban ne ya kafa shi a cikin 1999. Garcia, Jr. , da kuma Linda Antonsson, wanda ya gabatar da shi ga jerin; . Ƙungiyar Brotherhood Without Banners, ƙungiyar magoya bayan duniya mara izini, an kafa shi a cikin 2001. Abokan kirki na Martin sun haɗa da waɗanda suka kafa su da sauran membobin da suka daɗe

Martin yana kula da gidan yanar gizon hukuma da bulogi mai rai tare da taimakon Ty Franck. Hakanan yana hulɗa da magoya baya ta hanyar amsa imel da wasiku, kodayake ya bayyana a cikin 2005 cewa yawan adadin su na iya zama ba a amsa ba tsawon shekaru. Tun da akwai nau'o'in tarurruka daban-daban a zamanin yau, yakan halarci taron almara na kimiyya uku ko hudu a kowace shekara don kawai dangantaka da tushensa kuma ya sadu da sababbin mutane. Ya daina karanta allunan saƙo, don haka magoya bayan da ke hango jujjuyawar ƙirƙira da fassarar haruffa ba su tasiri rubutunsa ba fiye da yadda ya yi niyya ba.

Yayin da Martin ya ɗauki yawancin magoya bayansa a matsayin "mafi girma" kuma yana jin daɗin hulɗa da su, wasu daga cikinsu sun bijire masa saboda jinkirin shekaru shida na sakin A Rawa tare da Dragons. A cikin 2009, ƙungiyar magoya bayan rashin jin daɗi da aka sani da GRRuMblers sun kafa, suna ƙirƙirar gidajen yanar gizo kamar Gama Littafin, George, da Is Winter Zuwan? . Jaridar New York Times ta ruwaito cewa ana yawan yi wa Martin tuhume-tuhume a lokacin sa hannu kan littattafai. A cewar New Yorker, wannan "ƙoƙarce mai ban mamaki ne na sadaukar da kai don yin Allah wadai da marubucin littattafan da wani ya furta yana so. ". Kadan daga cikin marubutan zamani za su iya da'awar sun haifar da irin wannan sha'awar a cikin masu karatun su. "

Kyauta da naɗi[gyara gyara]

Abubuwan da aka samo

Novellas[gyara gyara]

Martin ya rubuta adadin prequel novellas. Littattafan litattafai guda uku sun saita shekaru 90 kafin abubuwan da suka faru na jerin litattafai sun biyo bayan abubuwan da suka faru na Ser Duncan the Tall da squire "Egg," wanda daga baya ya zama Sarki Aegon V Targaryen. Ko da yake an ambaci haruffan biyun a cikin guguwar takuba da buki don crows, labaran ba su da alaƙa kai tsaye da shirin A Song of Ice and Fire. Kashi na farko, The Hedge Knight, ya bayyana a cikin Legends na anthology a cikin 1998. An buga Sworn Sword a cikin Legends II a cikin 2003. Dukansu an daidaita su cikin litattafai masu hoto daga baya. The Mystery Knight, novella na uku, an fara buga shi a cikin Warriors anthology a cikin 2010, kuma an daidaita shi azaman labari mai hoto a cikin 2017. A Knight of the Seven Kingdoms, tarin zane-zane na litattafai uku na farko, an fito da su a cikin 2015

The novella The Princess and the Queen, ko, Blacks and the Greens an buga shi a cikin tarihin mata masu haɗari na Tor Books a cikin 2013 kuma ya bayyana wasu daga cikin tarihin Targaryen ƙarni biyu kafin abubuwan da suka faru na litattafan. Yariman Rogue, ko, Ɗan'uwan Sarki, wanda aka buga a cikin 2014 anthology Rogues, shine prequel ga Gimbiya da al'amuran Sarauniya. 'Ya'yan Dragon, wani labari da aka buga a cikin tarihin tarihin 2017 Littafin Takobi, ya ba da labarin 'ya'yan Aegon Mai nasara, Aenys I da Maegor I "The Cruel. ". Dukkan wadannan labaran guda uku an hada su cikin Wuta

Har ila yau, an haɗa babi daga littattafan litattafan zuwa litattafai uku da Fiction na Kimiyya na Asimov da Dragon suka buga tsakanin 1996 da 2003.

  • Jinin Macijin (Yuli 1996), dangane da babin Daenerys Game of Thrones.
  • Hanyar Dragon (Disamba 2000), an daidaita shi daga surori na Daenerys Storm of Swords
  • Arms of the Kraken (Maris 2003), dangane da Buki don ɓangarorin Tsibirin Iron.

Wuta & Jini[gyara gyara]

Wuta. A ranar 20 ga Nuwamba, 2018, an fitar da ƙarar farko

Jerin talabijin[gyara gyara]

Yayin da shaharar jerin ke haɓaka, HBO ta zaɓi A Song of Ice and Fire don daidaitawar talabijin a cikin 2007. A ƙarshen 2009, an samar da wani shiri na matukin jirgi, kuma a cikin Maris 2010, an yi jerin alƙawarin don ƙarin sassa tara. An ƙaddamar da Wasan Ƙarshi a cikin Afrilu 2011 don yabo da ƙima mai yawa (duba). Kwanaki biyu bayan haka, hanyar sadarwar ta sabunta nunin don yanayi na biyu don rufe Karo na Sarakuna. Ba da daɗewa ba bayan kakar farko ta ƙare, wasan kwaikwayon ya sami nadin nadin Emmy Award 13, gami da Fitattun Shirye-shiryen Wasan Wasan kwaikwayo, tare da hoton Peter Dinklage na Tyrion Lannister wanda ya ci Nasara Babban Zane Mai Taken da Fitaccen Jarumin Taimakawa a cikin jerin Wasan kwaikwayo. HBO ta sanar da sabuntawar yanayi na uku a cikin Afrilu 2012, kwanaki goma bayan farkon kakar 2. Karo na uku kawai ya rufe kusan rabin farkon A Storm of Swords saboda tsawon littafin da ya dace.

Martin ya bayyana manyan abubuwan makirci ga masu samarwa David Benioff da D. B. Weiss a farkon jerin' ci gaban. B. Weiss. Martin ya kasance da tabbacin cewa zai kammala aƙalla The Winds of Winter kafin wasan kwaikwayo na TV ya riske shi. Duk da haka, akwai damuwa da yawa game da ikon Martin na kasancewa a gaban wasan kwaikwayo. A sakamakon haka, a cikin 2013, manyan marubuta Benioff da Weiss sun koyi ƙarin abubuwan makirci na gaba daga Martin don taimaka musu wajen tsara sabbin lokutan wasan kwaikwayon. Wannan ya haɗa da labaran ƙarshe ga duk manyan haruffa. An yi la'akari da ɓarna daga makircin littattafan, amma dakatarwar shekaru biyu don jiran sababbin littattafai ba zaɓi ba ne (yayin da 'yan wasan yara suka girma kuma shaharar wasan kwaikwayo ta ragu)

Ba da daɗewa ba bayan farkon kakar 3 a cikin Maris 2013, HBO ta sanar da cewa Game da karagai zai dawo a karo na huɗu, yana rufe rabin na biyu na A Storm of Swords da farkon Biki na Crows da Rawar Tare da Dodanni. An zabi Season 3 na Game of Thrones don 15 Emmy Awards. HBO ta sabunta Wasan karagai na karo na biyar da na shida kwanaki biyu bayan fara kakar wasa ta hudu a watan Afrilu 2014. An fara kakar 5 a ranar 12 ga Afrilu, 2015, kuma ya kafa Rikodin Duniya na Guinness don mafi kyawun kyaututtuka na Emmy na yanayi guda da shekara guda, tare da lashe 12 cikin 24 na zaɓi, gami da Fitattun jerin Wasan kwaikwayo. Mutane 8 ne suka kalli waɗannan abubuwan. Martin ya tabbatar a ranar 2 ga Janairu, 2016, cewa ba za a fitar da juzu'i na shida ba kafin a fara kakar wasa ta shida na jerin HBO. A ranar 24 ga Afrilu, 2016, aka fara kakar wasa ta shida. Waɗannan shirye-shiryen sun sami mafi yawan zaɓin nadin na 68th Primetime Emmy Awards, suna ba da zaɓi na 23 da lashe kyaututtuka 12, gami da Fitattun jerin Wasan kwaikwayo. A ranar 16 ga Yuli, 2017, an fara kakar wasa ta bakwai. A ranar 14 ga Afrilu, 2019, an fara kakar wasa ta takwas kuma ta ƙarshe

Gidan Dragon, jerin prequel na baya-bayan nan wanda ya danganci Wutar Martin, daga baya aka ƙirƙira shi. A ranar 21 ga Agusta, 2022, an fara kakar wasa ta farko

Wasu ayyuka[gyara]

Waƙar Kankara da Wuta ta haifar da masana'antar gida na samfuran bayan kasuwa. Wasannin Jirgin Fantasy sun buga wasan katin tattarawa, wasan allo, da tarin zane-zane guda biyu dangane da jerin A Song of Ice and Fire. Masu gadi na oda da Green Ronin duk sun fitar da samfuran wasan kwaikwayo. A cikin 2011, Dynamite Entertainment ya daidaita A Game of Thrones cikin littafin ban dariya na wata-wata mai taken iri ɗaya. Wasan bidiyo na Game of Thrones yana samuwa a halin yanzu ko yana ci gaba. Cyanide's Farawa (2011) da Game of Thrones (2012) duka sun sami matsakaicin sake dubawa daga masu suka. Wasan Rarraba Beam's Game of Thrones Ascent (2013) wasan hanyar sadarwar zamantakewa yana bawa 'yan wasa damar rayuwa mai daraja yayin tsarin' lokacin saitin. Gidan Random ya buga The Lands of Ice and Fire, littafin taswirar hukuma wanda ya haɗa da tsofaffi da sabbin taswira na duniyar Ice da Wuta. Duniyar Kankara, littafin aboki. Masu mallakar org Elio M. Garcia Jr. da Linda Antonsson, wanda aka saki a watan Oktoba 2014. Sauran samfuran lasisi sun haɗa da kwafin makami mai girman girman, adadi iri-iri na tattarawa, kwafin kuɗin kuɗi na Westeros, da tarin kyauta da abubuwan tattarawa dangane da jerin talabijin na HBO. Saboda shaharar jerin HBO, sigarsa ta Al'arshi ta ƙarfe ya zama alama ga duk ikon mallakar ikon watsa labarai.

Menene jimlar duk littattafan Game da karagai?

Na karanta littafin farko, A Game of Thrones, bayan kallon Season 1 na nunin HBO iri ɗaya, amma ban taɓa kusantar karanta littattafai biyu zuwa biyar ba. .

Yaya lokaci nawa zai ɗauka don kammala Wasan Al'arshi?

Karanta a gudun 300 WPM, matsakaicin mai karatu zai ɗauki awa 16 da mintuna 55 don karanta George R. R. Martin's A Game of Thrones. R. Martin. Yaya Tsawon Karatu yana samun kuɗi daga cancantar siyayyar Amazon azaman Abokin Ciniki na Amazon.

Menene girman littattafan Game da karagai?

Littafi na farko a cikin jerin, A Game of Thrones, an buga shi a cikin 1996. 298,000 kalmomi . Ita ce mafi guntu a cikin rukuni. A littafi na uku, A Storm of Swords, wanda aka buga a shekara ta 2000, adadin kalmomin ya kai 424,000. Rawa tare da Dragons, wanda aka buga a cikin 2011, yana kusan tsayin kalmomi 422,000.

Yaya girman littafin farko na Game of Thrones?

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John Conner
John Conner
John Conner has written about blogger for more than 5 years and for congnghe123 since 2017

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